Separate land registration procedures are considered to be the establishment, renewal and addition of land registers, sporadic transformation of land registers, individual corrective procedures and linking the land register and the book of deposited contracts.
Sporadic corrective procedure is a special land registry procedure for correcting land register entries, conducted when there is a justifiable reason.
A sporadic corrective procedure may be conducted with regards to one or several land registry files.
Justified reasons for conducting sporadic corrective procedures exist when a deed has made probable that you are entitled to something which has not been registered to your benefit and whose registration entails the correction of certain land registrations.
In the proposal to open a sporadic corrective, you will need to provide the following information:
- an exact indication in what sense the correction of the land registry entry is required
- land registry entries that should be corrected in that file, in what way and for whose benefit
- facts on which the proposal is based (eg acquisition basis, acquisition history, etc.)
- a draft of the corrected land registry entry may also be submitted
- name and surname, address and PIN of the person in whose favor the correction of the entry in the land register is requested, whereby the persons against whom the correction of the entry (counterparty) is requested do not have to be stated.
When the land registry court adopts the proposal, it will issue a decision on opening a sporadic corrective procedure and will note in the part of the land register to which the correction refers that the sporadic corrective procedure has been opened. This record shall be deleted ex officio at the same time as the applications and objections received in the proceedings.
When the court makes a decision on opening a sporadic corrective procedure, the instruction on legal remedy shall indicate that persons who have a legal interest in it may exercise their rights in a proper procedure by submitting applications or objections within the period open for correction, ie in litigation before the court or in proceedings before another competent authority after the sporadic corrective procedure has been concluded.
After the opening of the procedure, the court will ex officio, on the e-Notice board, the notice board of the court, the competent cadastre office, local self-government unit or in another appropriate way, at the expense of the proposer, publish the announcement of opening a sporadic corrective procedure.
The process of establishing a land register for a particular cadastral municipality or a part thereof shall be conducted when lands of the cadastral municipality have not been recorded in any land register, based on the existing cadastral municipal documentation data or the data collected and processed during cadastral surveys or technical reambulation.
The procedure of renewal of the existing land register or some part of it is carried out:
- The process of renewal an existing land register or a part thereof shall be conducted once the cadastral survey process is completed, based on cadastral data collected and processed in the completed cadastral survey or technical reambulation.
- The process of renewal a land registry file shall be implemented also if a land register or a part thereof has been destroyed, significantly damaged or lost, on the basis of the cadastral municipal documentation data.
- The process of renewal may also be conducted for the land register or any part thereof when the municipal cadastral documentation is in official use in the cadastre the state of which does not require a new cadastral survey and public display of data of the existing municipal cadastral documentation (establishment or renewal based on data of the existing municipal cadastral documentation).
Once it is established that not all lands of the cadastral municipality for which the land register is kept have been entered in the land register, the process of supplementing the land register shall be conducted by the court on whose jurisdiction the cadastral municipality whose land register is supplemented is located, in accordance with the present cadastral municipal documentation data.
Procedures for establishment and renewal of land register for a part of the cadastral municipality are carried out if the land registry court and the cadastral body assess that the implementation of partial establishment or renewal of the land register would be more efficient than simultaneous establishment or renewal of the entire municipality.
The procedures of establishment, renewal and addition of land register are carried out simultaneously with the procedure of exposing the data collected and processed by cadastral survey or technical reambulation to public display, ie by exposing the data of the existing cadastral operator to public display.
The establishment and renewal of land register is carried out ex officio by the land registry court in whose territory the cadastral municipality for which the land register is established or renewed is located, based on the decision of the Minister of Justice and Public Administration.
The land register, or its part if the procedure is conducted for part or parts of the cadastral municipality, is established or renewed on the day when the court decides to open the land register or part of the land register that all land registry entries for which the procedure was conducted have been compiled. The decision is made by the president of the court or a judge authorized by the president of the court.
The opening of an individual corrective procedure is announced without delay on on the e-Notice board, the notice board of the court, the competent cadastre office, local self-government unit or in another appropriate way.
Simultaneously with the opening of the land register, the corrective procedure is opened and applications and objections are submitted within the deadline set for the corrective procedure. Until the deadline for correction set by the advertisement expires, the entries in the land register are not considered true and complete, so no one can claim to have acted with confidence in their truthfulness or completeness.